- Plant out vegetables including runner and climbing beans, brussel sprouts, cabbages, cauliflower, celery, kale, leeks, lettuce, outdoor tomatoes, purple sprouting broccoli and winter cabbages into the open garden or raised bed.
- Net vunerable crops to protect them from insects that will smoother the plants and butterflies that will lay eggs and have caterpillars that will eat the leaves.
- Cut herbs for drying and take cuttings.
- Mulch while the soil is moist to reduce the need for watering and to keep down weeds.
- Hoe to expose and dry out surface weeds, mulch beds and borders and be on the lookout for all pests.
- Collect any seeds for plants you want to grow next year.
- Feed heathers once this month.
- Cut back rock plants after flowering and trim trailing and invasive plants in the rock garden.
- Clip fast-growing established hedges such as privet.
- Mow the lawn weekly or more often if necessary; frequent mowing encourages dense growth.
- Prune summer-flowering shrubs over three years old as they finish flowering.
- Stake border plants to provide support as they grow.
- Feed seedlings and young plants which are growing poorly or have pale, yellowing foliage.
- Take cuttings of carnations, fuchias, herbs and many shrubs and perennials to root in the greenhouse.
- Sow seeds or buy young plants to plant out:-
- climbing and runnwer beans
- carrots, sweetcorn, marrows, squashes and cucumbers.
- bedding plants such as African marigolds, petunias, lobelia and antirrhinums.
- begonias and pelargoniums.
- quick-growing perennials.
- Organise shading for the greenhouse using blinds, shading nets or a shading wash.
- Ventilate cold frames and the greenhouse whenever possible to encourage sturdy plant growth.
- Water and feed plants in the greenhouse regularly.
- Carrots can be grown in a deep container as well as with other vegetables in a raised bed.
- Plant out vegetables including runner and climbing runner beans, brussel sprouts, cabbages, cauliflower, celery, kale, leeks, lettuce, outdoor tomatoes, purple sprouting broccoli and winter cabbages.
- Sow courgettes, marrows, pumpkins and squashes directly into their growing position.
- Continue sowing carrots, celery, Frech and runner beans, peas, pumpkins, salad vegetables such as lettuce, endive, turmips and winter greens for late crops.
- Plant out, water and feed outdoor tomatoes, peppers and aubergines.
- Earth up potatoes.
- Water early potatoes thoroughly once week to ensure good yields.
- Lift and dry Japanese onions.
- Train climbing beans up supports.
- Stop cutting asparagus and support plant with canes and string.
- Protect soft fruit from birds by throwing nets over the bushes or by building a fruit cage.
- Look out for caterpillars on fruit. Pick off any with leaf miner larvae or mildew on and be on the alert for slugworm damage. Set pheremone traps.
- Thin peaches, apricots and green gooseberries; if mildew appears on gooseberries, prune out worst infected shoots and water well at the roots.
- Check raspberry canes for raspberry beetle, spur blight and cane midge.
- Thin grape bunches on vines: feed with manure water or comfrey tea.
- Water strawberries and, if growing under cover, ventilate to allow bees access.
- Cover the ground under strawberries with straw or matting to protect the ripening fruit from mud and from slugs and other pests.
- Make sure fruit trees and bushes have sufficient water while the fruit is setting otherwise fruitlets are often shed.
- Sow fast-maturing and late-flowering annuals directly into their flowering position.
- Thin any seedlings sown earlier in the year.
- Sow spring-flowering biennials such as forget-me-nots, sweet williams and wallflowers.
- Divide early-flowering perennials such as primulas.
- Plant out hardened-off tender and half-hardy fuchsias into beds, borders and containers.
- Deadhead roses to encourage repeat flowering unless the roses are being grown for the colour and profusion of their hips.
- If you need the space and cannot leave them in the ground, lift spring bulbs when the foliage has died down and store the bulbs in boxes in a well-ventilated place.
- Complete summer plantings in containers.
- Water containers regularly.
- Pinch out the tips of dahlias to promote bushy plants.
- Ensure the surface of ponds are kept clean by removing floating weeds and any slime algae.
- Clean out the pond if necessary.
- If present scoop out and collect mats of tiny-leaved duck weed and twirl hair-like blanket weed from the surface with a stick or garden cane.
- Put them in a heap on the edge of the pond overnight so any aquatic creatures can crawl back into the water. The next day add the heap to the compost heap.
- Put new aquatic plants in the pond either in the soil at the bottom or using special aquatic baskets.
- Oxygenate the pond with plants like Mash marigolds Palustris.
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(c) Compiled by B V & T M Wood.