Glossary of Terms used in Parmacy

Summary of Key Terms

 Alkaloid - a useful organic substance that contains nitrogen molecules in a ring structure.
 Amoeba - a single-cell micro-organisanism that causes diseases such as dysentery.
 Analgesic - a class of medications designed specifically to relieve pain.
 Antacid - a medicine that counteracts (neutralises) the acid in the stomach to relieve indigestion and heartburn.
 Antioxidant - a man-made or natural substance that may prevent or delay cell damage.
 Aperient - a mild laxative.
 Antimicrobial - a blocked artery usually caused by a blood clot or air bubble.
 Astringent - a substance that draws water out of tissues causing them to shrink.
 Catalyst - a substance that enables a chemical reaction to proceed at a faster rate than normal or under different conditions.
 Demulcent - a substance that relieves irritation of the mucous membranes in the mouth by forming a protective film.
 Diaphoretic - the power to increase sweating.
 Emollient - softens and sothies skin.
 Febrifuge - a medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever.
 Hypotensive - lowering the blood pressure.
 Lipid - fatty compound that perform a variety of functions in the body.
 Pathogen - an organism causing disease to its host and the severity of the disease symptoms referred to as virulence.
 Polyphenol - naturally occurring compound found largely in the fruits and vegetables and cereals and beverages.
 Tannin - a type of bitter and astringent chemical water-soluble compound that belongs to a larger group called polyphenols.
 Vulnerary - a wound-healing herb used internally and externally.

Take a Quiz Terms used in Pharmacy
Select and Buy books on Quizzes here
Express Chemist

(c) Compiled by B V & T M Wood.   All rights reserved.   Disclaimer